What is the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) ?
The TTIP is a scheme organized by international big business to gain access to public budgets. It’s a trade treaty that is being negotiated in secret between the European Union (EU) and The United States of America (US), and what knowledge there is of negotiations comes from leaked papers.
Your elected representatives, the Members of the European Parliament (MEP), only get to vote yes or no after the negotiations are completed!
Why do we oppose TTIP?
The European Commission based its assumptions on the economic advantages brought by TTIP on a study by the ‘Independent Pan-European Centre for Economic Policy Research’, this centre is so independent that it can state on its own website that the financial sector currently makes up two thirds of its membership base, but. “there is a trend toward broadening the membership base among the other sectors. We now have, for example, the support of all European Union Central Banks as well as the ECB and the BIS”!
1) TTIP would open to free market reforms key sectors like healthcare and education: the National Health Service (NHS) will just become another field to harvest for private investors solely interested in their profits.
2) The increase of trade will be based on decreasing tariffs and increasing deregulations. Since tariffs between the US and the EU are already very low, even mainstream economists recognize that increase of trade will depend on further deregulation. This will mean lowering health and ecological standards for products sold on the two shores of the Atlantic.
3) The supposed economic gains due to TTIP are largely based on the assumption that free trade will stimulate efficiency. The study sees how ‘least efficient companies will find it hard to compete’, but what does it mean to be less efficient? It will mean that large multinational corporations will have an advantage on smaller local businesses, resulting in more unemployment. The study admits that there will be ‘adjustments’ and ‘people need to move between sectors ‘, a lovely expression that can actually be translated in one simple word: unemployment.
4) TTIP includes several deeply undemocratic proposals. Disputes over investments will be settled by private commercial mechanisms (Investor State Dispute Settlement): Disputes will be heard before corporate lawyers and judged by their commercial value. Expropriation for the sake of the public interest will become more difficult. Standards of workers’ rights will also need to be lowered to support free market.
The supporters of TTIP says this will bring economic growth. Beside this being a statement not supported by any empirical evidence, we need to reaffirm we do not want economic growth at any cost. We care about the health of our community, we care about the conditions of our environment, and the rights of all working people.
That’s why we oppose TTIP
There was a national Day of Action on 12th July 2014 with local actions happening all over the UK. York People’s Assembly worked with other opposition groups in the York area and there was a combined action with information stalls on that day in King’s Square, York between 12 midday and 3:00 pm – the theme being ‘fat cats’ and their ‘puppets’.
Other actions are being planned throughout 2014/15…
Links to Other Information and Related Campaigns
Online Petitions against TTIP
Suggested draft letter against TTIP
May I draw your attention to the detrimental effects of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership [TTIP]. This agreement, currently in negotiation between the USA and the European Union, has as its stated aim opening up markets for services, investment and public procurement.
Much of the groundwork has been carried out in secret, hidden from public scrutiny, but the information that has been made available has aroused serious concern that this agreement will weaken existing standards and regulations that protect workers and consumers in the EU.
In particular, the Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) would allow any foreign company operating in the UK to make a claim against the government for loss of future profits resulting from any regulatory action by the government, such as new legislation. Such claims would be considered by an unelected, unaccountable tribunal composed of three corporate lawyers whose decisions are likely to favour the corporations and would override national laws.
ISDS was set up to protect companies operating in countries with a history of political instability where the rule of law could not be guaranteed. This does not apply to either the US or the EU and you should interpret this mechanism only as a device for subverting our national and supranational legislation.
It is widely believed that the TTIP will be used by the coalition government as a means of locking-in its detrimental changes to the National Health Service. I am sure I do not have to rehearse the arguments that introducing private companies to the health service in England is leading to a patchwork system in which care is provided entirely on the basis of profitability. There is now no obligation on the Secretary of State for Health to provide a high-quality service across the whole of the UK, and the new system encourages Clinical Commissioning Groups and medical practices to exclude from their lists patients with conditions that are expensive to treat. The TTIP will forbid the UK government from improving this system with legitimate public health regulation, health protection and health promotion policies as private health companies will be able to sue the state for loss of future profits. ISDS would make it impossible for CCGs to cancel contracts with private providers, even when those firms were providing inadequate standards of patient care, because they would then face a legal challenge for loss of earnings that they could not fund. It will also limit the government’s ability to regulate professional standards and qualifications regarded for healthcare workers and lower the quality of patient care. In short, it would be impossible to reverse the disastrous Health and Social Care Act 2012, and its marketisation of the NHS. Do you want the health of your constituents to depend on a foreign company’s balance sheet?
You may wish to take heart from comments by the British Medical Association that it believes the NHS will be exempt from the TTIP. There is no evidence to support this statement. In fact, David Cameron stated in reply to a Parliamentary question in June 2013: “I am not aware of a specific exemption for any particular area, but I think that the health service would be treated in the same way in relation to EU-US negotiations as it is in relation to EU rules.”
In fact, as comments from the chairman of the Liberalisation of Trade in Services Committee (LOTIS) and financial services pressure group TheCityUK make clear, no issue had been identified that would allow exclusion of any sector from the second round of TTIP negotiations in November last year. You should also note that the Lisbon Treaty provides no protection for the NHS, despite the arguments of some people.
Furthermore, evidence to the House of Lords European Sub-Committee on External Affairs has shown that public health measures such as warnings on food labels, pesticides and chemicals, and other potentially toxic or unhealthy products may be restricted to bring the EU in line with the narrow approach to risk assessment taken in America (that promotes sales) and away from the EU’s broader precautionary principle (that promotes safety). Are you in favour of sales or the safety of your constituents?
You will know that the USA has not implemented fundamental labour rights such as the rights to freedom of association and collective bargaining. Regulatory harmonisation brought about by the TTIP will lower European labour rights to American standards – the agreement will always bring standards down to the lowest common denominator. This means that workers in all sectors, including (again) health, will lose vital rights in their struggle for fair pay and conditions of work. Do you support attacks on workers’ rights?
To sum up: The TTIP is ill-judged in its entirety and neither the UK nor the European Union should have anything to do with it. It would give huge power to transnational corporations while stripping away member states’ rights to regulate them and, in that sense alone, represents an enormous threat to democracy. British people fought long, arduous battles to gain the few rights they have, and neither you nor anybody else in the European Union have a mandate to sign those rights away.
This agreement may safeguard the profits of large multinational companies, ensuring that huge amounts of money go into their shareholders’ bank accounts (wherever they may be), but it will undermine the wages of everybody who works for them – again, according to the principle of the lowest common denominator. Yet it is workers’ wages that support national economies – by necessity they spend most (if not all) of their income as soon as they get it, on rent, utility bills, groceries and other vital supplies. The TTIP will harm national economies.
There is an argument that the TTIP will create growth and jobs – but there is little evidence for this, and even that is poor. The European Commission’s own impact assessment admits that a 0.5 per cent increase in growth would be “optimistic”, and independent research suggests that a meagre 0.01 per cent increase in the growth rate over 10 years is more likely. The North American Free Trade Agreement between the US, Canada and Mexico led to a net loss of almost a million jobs in the US.
Negotiations on the TTIP represent a test on where your loyalties lie. Do you support the people who elected you – or are you a puppet of the corporations?
As my representative, I am asking you to take all steps necessary to publicise this attack on democracy and on our sovereignty, and to take any action – individually or collectively – to put an end to it.
Please let me know what you intend to do.